Diamond is the April Birthstone, and an alternate Zodiac stone for the Constellation of Aries.
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Now here’s more about diamonds you April babies you!
Diamond is the ultimate gemstone, having few weaknesses and many strengths. It is well known that Diamond is the hardest substance found in nature, but few people realize that Diamond is four times harder than the next hardest natural mineral, corundum (sapphire and ruby). But even as hard as it is, it is not impervious. Diamond has four directions of cleavage, meaning that if it receives a sharp blow in one of these directions it will cleave, or split. A skilled diamond setter and/or jeweler will prevent any of these directions from being in a position to be struck while mounted in a jewelry piece.
As a gemstone, Diamond’s single flaw (perfect cleavage) is far outdistanced by the sum of its positive qualities. It has a broad color range, high refraction, high dispersion or fire, very low reactivity to chemicals, rarity, and of course, extreme hardness and durability.
Diamond is the ultimate gemstone in several ways:
Hardness: Diamond is a perfect “10”, simply the hardest substance known by a wide margin. Nothing can scratch a diamond other than another diamond. And a diamond can scratch anything, even a sapphire.
Clarity: Pure diamond is completely colorless and transparent over a larger range of wavelengths (from the ultraviolet into the far infrared) than is any other solid or liquid substance – nothing else even comes close.
Thermal Conductivity: Diamond conducts heat better than anything – five times better than the second best element, Silver! This characteristic is the basis for “diamond tests”, as it is simple and cannot be faked.
Refraction: Diamond has a relatively high index of refraction (ability to bend light), which gives it the high luster called adamantine.
Dispersion: Diamond has a relatively high optical dispersion which gives diamond the “fire” that makes it so desirable.
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